Unlike large farms using intensive systems designed to supply slaughterhouse production lines across the country, tending a small herd of pigs is a more affordable livelihood for family farmers.The management of animals in plots of several hectares, pastures or farms can still be a source of income for breeders, selling mammals and their derivatives to the communities in the area.The sale of specimens, lard or meat is usually the main objective of fattening pigs in extensive systems. A paddock with good vegetative conditions, dry, and free of wetlands or swamps is a good start for a low-cost, care-free activity.
Pigs are prolific and primitive, requiring little investment to grow, while being highly productive and providing profitable business opportunities for producers. A docile pig is easy to maintain and even helps make the soil it inhabits fertile.Due to their habit of removing the earth, these animals allow manure to be introduced into deeper formations and to recover valuable elements through discards to improve fertility. This process is important so that the pig manure is not dumped into rivers and streams, which can be harmful to the environment.However, there are several steps you must take to ensure a successful build. Facilities and equipment must be efficient, adequate feeding must be guaranteed, and the herd must be protected from disease. These animals must also have good genetics and provenance, which are essential to reap the benefits of reproductive speed in pigs and to achieve a uniform, high-producing herd early.
For this reason, it is recommended to select and introduce specimens during the production process, and to know the origin and state of health of each specimen. If someone shows signs of illness, isolate and treat immediately.Despite the resistance, regular application of live weight repellent is necessary because the repellent is in contact with the ground. Veterinary follow-up is important to guide the necessary vaccinations. Abandoned structures can be an option to adjust management and reduce costs.Barns can be built with materials such as wood, bricks, tiles, troughs and water troughs, and can be covered with mangroves to protect the pigs from heavy rains and intense sun.The simplicity of the environment is not important, but maintaining good hygiene is essential to a successful business.Beginning
The main attribute of pigs in reproductive activities is earliness. Among the Brazilian breeds, the very rustic piau produces a large number of piglets per farrowing and has the double capacity of providing meat and butter. Nilo-basket is used for fattening in the field. She is also rustic and a good mother. She has 6~8 pups per litter and produces a lot of lard and lard. In addition to having good fat production and good butter, the piratiinga is very suitable for pastures and pigsties. Weevils are the lightest of the species and are popular as a food group, although they are important producers of lard.Ambient
Under the right conditions, it is essential for reproduction, although pigs are robust animals. Pigs can live in any climate, but they do not like hot and humid air. In cold places, it is recommended to use curtains indoors, and in warm places - ventilation. In pastures, shade is important and can be provided by planting trees.Structure
It could be a pigsty, or a pigsty built from materials already on the property, or it could use an unused building on the site. To avoid heat stroke and have good ventilation, make sure it is oriented from east to west. The land preferably has a slight slope to facilitate drainage and movement of pigs. Use a concrete floor with a slight slope, neither too rough nor too smooth to avoid slipping or wear on hooves.Feeding
It has a great influence on the cost of production, reaching 80% of the total cost. Therefore, it must be rationalized and established according to the age of the animal, the stage and the purpose of its creation. Specialty stores sell balanced feed for all stages of a pig's life. Also, to lower your food bill, choose to plant your land with corn or other ingredients, and look for substitutes for corn and soybean meal. Animal access to pasture also contributes to good resultsReproduction
Start with the approach of the female, second or third heat, while the breeder is still in a different area. Collect animals just for cover. It is recommended to apply heat 2-3 times with an interval of 12 hours. 114 days of gestation, 7 to 12 litters, weaning at 30 to 45 days, the ration must be introduced from 10 days